Umbilical cord blood stem cells are derived from the umbilical cord and placenta after delivery of a child. The cord blood cells are tender cells which are potential in developing different tissues or organs within body. These cord blood cells could be stored in the cord blood banks for future use for the child or for anybody with same kind of blood or tissue. The tissue doesn’t have to be a perfect match as partial match works well for such surgeries involving cord blood cells.
Totipotency in cord blood
Cord blood has a high concentration of HSC in the blood of the umbilical cord and the placenta. These are highly totipotent. The blood of the umbilical cord doesn’t have enough stem cells for help in reconstructive surgeries and treatments so the blood also has to be collected from the placenta. The whole process is safe for both the mother and the child.
First use of cord blood cells
The umbilical cord blood cell was primarily deployed for clinical use in the year 1988. It was really successful in treating Fanconi anaemia in a 6 year baby from one of his related siblings & since then more than 6000 umbilical cord blood cells have been used all over the world for both children and adults.
Helps in treating several diseases
Cord blood cells have been proved to be effective in treating a variety of diseases. It can help in preventing acute renal failure and could be great solution to diabetic issues. Different form of blood disorders are also effectively solved by cord blood cells.